Scoliosis is an abnormal curve in the spine. There are several types of scoliosis based on the cause and age when the curve develops. Depending on the severity of the curve and the risk for it getting worse, scoliosis can be treated with observation, bracing or surgery.
Scoliosis is a disorder that causes an abnormal curve of the spine, or backbone. The spine has normal curves when looking from the side, but it should appear straight when looking from the front. Kyphosis is a curve seen from the side in which the spine is bent forward. There is a normal kyphosis in the middle (thoracic) spine. Lordosis is a curve seen from the side in which the spine is bent backwards. There is a normal lordosis in the in the upper (cervical) spine and the lower (lumbar) spine. People with scoliosis develop additional curves to either side, and the bones of the spine twist on each other, forming a “C” or an “S” shape in the spine.
Scoliosis is about two times more common in girls than boys. It can be seen at any age, but it is most common in those over 10 years of age. Scoliosis is hereditary in that people with scoliosis are more likely to have children with scoliosis, however, there is no correlation between the severity of the curve from one generation to the next.